Structural ordering and dielectric properties of Ba3CaNb2O9-based microwave ceramics


J.E.F.S. RodriguesP.J. CastroP.S. PizaniW.R. Correr and A.C. Hernandes

Ceramics International Volume 42, Issue 16, December 2016, Pages 18087–18093

Ba3CaNb2O9 is a 1:2 ordered perovskite which presents a trigonal cell within the D3d3space group. Dense ceramics of Ba3CaNb2O9 were prepared by the solid-state reaction route, and their microwave dielectric features were evaluated as a function of the sintering time. From Raman spectroscopy, by using group-theory calculations, we were able to recognize the coexistence of the 1:1 and 1:2 ordering types in all samples, in which increasing the sintering time tends to reduce the 1:1 domain, leading to an enhancement of the unloaded quality factor. We concluded that this domain acts as a lattice vibration damping, consequently raising the dielectric loss at microwave frequencies. The best microwave dielectric parameters were determined in ceramics sintered at 1500 °C for 32h: ε′ ~ 43; Qu×fr = 15,752 GHz; τf ~ 278 ppm °C−1.


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