Enhanced bulk and superficial hydrophobicities of starch-based bionanocomposites by addition of clay

Industrial Crops and Products Volume: 50 Pages: 449-455 Published: 2013

SEM micrographs of the raw corn starch (a) 4000× and (b) 20,000×; fractured surface of the TPS matrix obtained from intercalation from solution – method 1 (c)1000× and (d) 5000×; fractured surface of the TPS matrix obtained from combination of intercalation from solution followed by melt-processing – method 2 (e) 500× and(f) 1500×

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Writers: Fauze A. Aouadaa, Luiz H.C. Mattoso, Elson Longo

Keywords: Spectroscopic propertiesContact anglesWater absorptionFEG-SEMThermoplastic starch bionanocomposites

Abstract: In this work, thermoplastic starch (TPS)–clay bionanocomposites were obtained by an innovative methodology using a combination of methodologies commonly used in the composites and nanocomposites preparations. The main objectives or novelties were to confirm efficiency of the processing methodology by field emission gun scanning electron microscopy and investigate the effect of clay content on the spectroscopic, bulk and surface hydrophilic/hydrophobic properties of these bionanocomposites. Raman and FTIR spectroscopies confirmed the changes in the spectroscopic properties of the TPS bionanocomposites with the addition of the clay materials. Water absorption and contact angle measurements were also used to analyze the effect of the clay content on the hydrophilic properties of the TPS bionanocomposites. The results also showed that the addition of the cloisite-Na+ clay increased the bulk and surface hydrophobicities of the TPS matrix, which may increase its industrial application, particularly in manufacturing of food containers.

Rose Portasio
Sobre Rose Portasio 131 Artigos
Assessora Administrativa no LIEC - IQ/Unesp