Writers: M.T.S. Tavares, A.S.F. Santos, I.M.G. Santos, M.R.S. Silva, M.R.D. Bomio, E. Longo, C.A. Paskocimas, F.V. Motta
Keywords: Microwave; Nanoparticles; TiO2; Nanocomposites; Photocatalytic activity
Abstract: In this study, polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS)/TiO2 nanocomposite was processed by the spray method. TiO2 nanoparticles were synthesized by microwave-assisted hydrothermal method. Varying the proportion of nanoparticles in 0%, 0.5% and 1% by weight, commercial TiO2 (P25) was used for comparison purposes. The photocatalytic activity of nanocomposites impregnated with methylene blue was assessed by means of UV–visible spectroscopy. Changes in contact angle were analyzed before and after UV degradation tests. The effect of ultraviolet radiation on the chemical structure of the PDMS matrix was evaluated by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). The results indicated that the addition of TiO2 nanoparticles in PDMS provides good photocatalytic properties in the decomposition of methylene blue, which is an important characteristic for the development of coatings for self-cleaning. For comparison purposes, commercial P25 was also used to investigate the photocatalytic activity.