Structural ordering and dielectric properties of Ba3CaNb2O9-based microwave ceramics

Ceramics International, 42(2016)18087–18093

Fig.: EDS elemental mapping for Ba (a),Ca (b),Nb (c)O (d), and their colors uper position (e) toward the SEM micrograph on the left of the 32h BCaNO ceramic (scale bars 1mm).

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Writers: RODRIGUES, J. E. F. S.; CASTRO, P. J.; PIZANI, P. S.; CORRER, Wagner Rafael; HERNANDES, Antônio Carlos.

Keywords: Ba(Ca1/3Nb2/3)O3; 1:2 ordered perovskite; Cation ordering; Microwave dielectric properties; Dielectric resonator

Abstract: Ba3CaNb2O9 is a 1:2 ordered perovskite which presents a trigonal cell within the D3d3 space group. Dense ceramics of Ba3CaNb2O9 were prepared by the solid-state reaction route, and their microwave dielectric features were evaluated as a function of the sintering time. From Raman spectroscopy, by using group-theory calculations, we were able to recognize the coexistence of the 1:1 and 1:2 ordering types in all samples, in which increasing the sintering time tends to reduce the 1:1 domain, leading to an enhancement of the unloaded quality factor. We concluded that this domain acts as a lattice vibration damping, consequently raising the dielectric loss at microwave frequencies. The best microwave dielectric parameters were determined in ceramics sintered at 1500 °C for 32h: ε′ ~ 43; Qu×fr = 15,752 GHz; τf ~ 278 ppm °C−1.

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