TiO2 synthesized by microwave assisted solvothermal method: Experimental and theoretical evaluation

Journal of Solid State Chemistry Volume: 210 Issue: 1 Pages: 171-177 Published: 2014

FE-SEM micrographs of TiO2 obtained with different durations of synthesis

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Writers: K.F. Moura, J. Maula, A.R. Albuquerque, G.P. Casalia, E. Longo, D. Keysona, A.G. Souza, J.R. Sambrano, I.M.G. Santos

Keywords: TiO2; Nanoparticles; Microwave solvothermal synthesis; Computational periodic model; B3LYP-D

Abstract: In this study, a microwave assisted solvothermal method was used to synthesize TiO2with anatase structure. The synthesis was done using Ti (IV) isopropoxide and ethanol without templates or alkalinizing agents. Changes in structural features were observed with increasing time of synthesis and evaluated using periodic quantum chemical calculations. The anatase phase was obtained after only 1 min of reaction besides a small amount of brookite phase. Experimental Raman spectra are in accordance with the theoretical one. Micrometric spheres constituted by nanometric particles were obtained for synthesis from 1 to 30 min, while spheres and sticks were observed after 60 min.

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